The National Astronomical Observatory of Japan reports finding 83 previously-unknown super-massive black holes from the early Universe. These objects, seen in the form of powerful quasars, are observed as they appeared 13 billion years ago, just as the first stars, galaxies, and black holes were forming. Nearly every galaxy we see today is thought to have a super-massive black hole at its center, including our own Milky Way.Read More Astronomers Spot 83 Super-massive Black Holes from Earliest Days of the Universe
Using a revolutionary new technology known as a quantum computer, researchers have developed an answer to one of the great questions in cosmology. Astrophysicists have long questioned whether information about a particle, such as its spin, is lost or retained after it crosses into the area near a black hole from which light can not escape – the event horizon. This new research shows that information like this gets lost, as it is mixed in with all the energy and matter within the event horizon of a black hole. Individual bits in ordinary digital computers can only be set as ones and zeros, while qubits utilize quantum states to store data. Once fully developed, quantum computers will be able to take problems that would take millions of years for today’s computers to solve, and answer them in days.Read More Can Quantum Computing Unlock the Secrets of Black Holes?
For just the second time in history, astronomers have witnessed a repeating fast radio burst. These events are formed far beyond our galaxy, and release more energy in a small fraction of a second than our Sun produces in decades. Researchers are uncertain what causes this phenomenon, although they may be the result of black holes or ultra-dense neutron stars colliding with each other. The event was witnessed by researchers at the new CHIME radio telescope in Canada, as that instrument underwent early testing. Only 60 of these events have ever been recorded, and this is just the second one ever seen repeating. Once CHIME is fully operational, astronomers hope to see several dozen fast radio bursts every day.Read More Second Repeating Radio Burst Seen – Are Aliens Behind These Odd Events?
For the first time ever, astronomers may have seen the birth of a black hole, or possibly a neutron star. Each of these types of bodies are the remnants of supermassive stars which collapsed under gravity after they ran out of fuel. Researchers in Hawaii spotted a tremendous burst of energy between 10 and 100 times more massive than that released by a supernova explosion, That event released particles which flew apart at 10 percent of the speed of light, before dissipating 10 days later. The event took place 200 million years ago, before the age of the dinosaurs, but due to the great distance to object, the energy from it is just reaching Earth now.Read More The Birth of a Black Hole Seen for the First Time (or was it a Neutron Star?)
One of the last untested predictions of Albert Einstein has been proven correct by astronomers in Chile. While watching a star pass by the supermassive black hole at the center of our galaxy, astronomers saw light from the star become stretched by the object, as the famed physicist predicted. Researchers hope to see a small change in the orbit of the star, which would confirm another prediction made in the General Theory of Relativity.Read More Einstein was Right – Here’s what a Black Hole has to Say!
For the first time ever, astronomers have witnessed a black hole swallowing a star. The event took place 150 million years ago in a pair of colliding galaxies called Arp 299. The black hole was 20 million times larger than our own Sun, and was seen consuming a body twice the size of our stellar companion.Read More Black Hole Seen Eating Star for First Time Ever
Astronomers assisting in the search for extraterrestrial intelligence are now able to examine millions of stars more than before, thanks to a new listening device. The multibeam receiver at the Parkes Radio Telescope in Australia will be able to listen in on millions of stars around the Milky Way galaxy, searching for new lifeforms. The device is run by the Breakthrough Listen project, a part of Breakthrough Initiatives, founded in 2015.Read More The Search for Alien Life Just Grew a New Set of Ears